The donated blood is used for a host of life saving conditions and situations. While two third of blood transfusions in low income countries are given to children under five years of age and for the management of maternity related complications, most of the transfusions in developed countries are used in case of trauma, cancer therapy and surgical procedures.
Whole blood refers to blood in complete form, not separated into its various components
Used in case of sudden blood loss like trauma / accidents and in surgeries.
Used also In some cases of severe Post partum haemorrhage.
Red Blood Cells:
Used especially in case of anaemias like thalassemia
In case of loss of blood like accidents, surgery and childbirth
In various stages of cancer care and cancer therapy
In cases where persons are unable to produce the required amount of platelets in their bone marrow like certain leukemias and some cancers, or as a part of some treatments
When there is a drastic drop in the number of platelets due to diseases like Dengue,
Sometimes used in case of bleeding.
Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) is used to stop bleeding secondary to clotting factor deficiencies and sepsis
Cryoprecipitated antihaemophilic factor (cryo-precipitate) containing factor XIII, factor VIII and factor VIII: VWF and fibrinogen is used to treat severe bleeding.
Clotting Factor VIII is used to treat patients with Haemophilia A
Immunoglobulins are useful for treating a range of infections and diseases